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L (complexity) In computational complexity theory, L is the complexity class containing decision problems which can be solved by a deterministic Turing machine using a logarithmic amount of memory space. Intuitively, logarithmic space is enough space to hold a constant number of pointers into the input and a logarithmic number of boolean flags.
L (New York City Subway service) The L 14th Streetâ€“Canarsie Local is a service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line at all times. The service is colored gray on route signs, station signs, and the official subway map, as it represents a service provided on the Canarsie Line.
L A Matheson Secondary School L A Matheson Secondary is a public high school in Surrey, British Columbia part of School District 36 Surrey. This high school has been famed for several events in the past history, some include the unforseeable death of senior student Ray Wilson and the gym roof-flood collapse.
L clearance A United States Department of Energy (DOE) clearance equivalent to a United States Department of Defense (DOD) Secret clearance. L clearances are issued to non-military personnel only and deal specifically with atomic and/or nuclear related materials, including nuclear weapons.
L cut In cinema, an L cut, also known as a split edit, is a transition from one shot to another, where the picture transition does not occur coincidentally with the audio transition. This is often done to enhance the aesthetics or flow of the film (for example--a conversation between two people can feel like a tennis match without L cuts.
L Plan Castle L Plan Castle is, as one might assume, a castle or towerhouse in the shape of an L, typically built in the 13th to the 17th century. This design is found quite frequently in Scotland, but is also seen in England, Ireland, Romania, Sardinia and other locations.
L Streets, Dallas, Texas The L Streets is a neighborhood in the Lake Highlands area of Dallas, Texas (USA). It is generally bounded by Ferndale Road on the west, Northwest Highway (SH Loop 12) on the south, Plano Road on the east and McCree Road on the north.
L Taraval The L Taraval is a Muni Metro line in San Francisco, California, mainly serving the Sunset District. It was one of San Francisco's streetcar lines in the early 20th century, and was converted to modern light rail operation with the creation of the Muni Metro system in the late 1970s.
L'accĂ©lĂ©rateur atomique (Lapinot) L'accĂ©lĂ©rateur atomique (unofficial English translation: The atom accelerator) is a comic strip in the series The spiffy adventures of McConey (Les formidables aventures de Lapinot in the original French language), by the popular French cartoonist Lewis Trondheim. It was first released in 2003 as volume 9 in the series.
L'affiche rouge (Poem) L'Affiche Rouge is an eulogy by Louis Aragon dedicated to the resistants of the FTP-MOI featured on the propaganda poster "Affiche Rouge". It was published in 1956 in Le roman inachevĂ©, and later arranged in music and sung by LĂ©o FerrĂ©.
L'amico Fritz L'amico Fritz is an opera in three acts by Pietro Mascagni, 1891, from a libretto by P. Suardon (Nicola Daspuro) (with additions by Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti) , based on the French novel L'ami Fritz by Emile Erckmann and Pierre-Alexandre Chatrian.
L'armata Brancaleone L'armata Brancaleone (known in English-speaking countries as For Love and Gold or The Incredible Army of Brancaleone) is an Italian comedy movie released in 1966, written by the famous duo Age & Scarpelli and directed by Mario Monicelli. It features Vittorio Gassman in the main role.
L'art pompier L'art pompier, literally "Fireman Art", is a derisory late nineteenth century French term for large "official" academic art paintings of the time, especially historical or allegorical ones. It derives from the fancy helmets, with horse-hair tails, worn by French firemen - now only for parades - which are fatally similar to the Greek-style helmets often worn in such works by allegorical personifications, classical warriors, or Napoleonic cavalry.
L'assedio di Calais L'assedio di Calais (The siege of Calais) is a melodramma lirico, or opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Salvatore Cammarano wrote the Italian libretto after Luigi Marchionni's play and, secondarily, Luigi Henry's ballet (1827), both based on Pierre Du Belloy's play Le siĂ¨ge de Calais (1765).
L'aut'journal Lâ€™autâ€™journal is a French language newspaper distributed in Quebec freely and through subscription. It was founded in 1984 by political scientist and journalist Pierre Dubuc, and as of 2004 has a circulation of 35,000 copies.
L'Abbe C L'Abbe C (1950) was Georges Bataille's first published novella. It is a work of dark eroticism, centred on the relationship between two nineteenth century brothers in a small French village, one of whom is a Catholic parish priest, while the other is a libertine.
L'Abri L'Abri (from the French word meaning "shelter") is an evangelical Christian organization founded by Francis Schaeffer and his wife Edith in Huemoz-sur-Ollon, Switzerland on June 5, 1955. They opened their alpine home as a ministry to curious travelers and as a forum to discuss philosophical and religious beliefs.
L'Adieu du Cavalier (Tailleferre) "L'Adieu du cavalier" (in English "The Knight's Farewell", subtitled "in Memoriam Francis Poulenc) is a song for voice and piano written by Germaine Tailleferre in 1963 on a poem of the same title by Guillaume Apollinaire. The work was published in 2003 by the French publishers Musik Fabrik.
L'Adroit class destroyer The Adroit class was a group of twelve French navy destroyers (contre-torpilleur) laid down in 1925-6 and commissioned from 1928 to 1931. They were the successors to the Bourrasque class, with the same armament, but being slightly heavier overall.
L'Africain L'Africain (French: "The African") is a short autobiographical story by French author Jean-Marie Gustave Le ClĂ©zio. In this story, the author honors his father, a doctor in Africa, from whom he was separated.
L'Ametlla de Mar L'Ametlla de Mar, also called la Cala ("the bay" or "the beach"), is a municipality within the comarca of Baix Ebre, situated in the coastal region between the "Cap de Terme" (to the North) and the "barranc de l'Ăliga" (to the south). It is limited to the south by the boundary with El PerellĂł, to the north-west with that of Tivissa, the Ebro riviera, and to the north-east with that of VandellĂłs and l'Hospitalet de l'Infant, (Baix Camp)
L'Amore in CittĂ  L'Amore in CittĂ  (English: Love in the City) is a 1953 portmanteau film composed of six different segments, each with a different writer or director. List of episodes in order of appearance: "Paid Love" written and directed by Carlo Lizzani, "Attempted Suicide" by Michelangelo Antonioni, "Paradise For Four Hours" by Dino Risi, "Marriage Agency" by Federico Fellini, "Story of Caterina" by Cesare Zavattini and Umberto Maselli, and "Italians Stare" written and directed by Alberto Lattuada.
L'Amour De Ma Vie L'Amour De Ma Vie (English translation: "The Love Of My Life") was the Luxembourgish entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986, performed in French by Sherisse Laurence. The song was composed by Alain Garcia, Rolf Soja and Frank Dosta
L'Amour Est Bleu "L'Amour Est Bleu" (English translation: "Love Is Blue") is a song written by AndrĂ© Popp (music) and Pierre Cour (lyrics) in 1967. First performed in French by Vicky Leandros (appearing as Vicky) as the Luxembourgish entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1967, it has since been recorded by Paul Mauriat, Jeff Beck, Claudine Longet, The Dells, Ed Ames, Johnny Mathis and Al Martino.
L'Amour Existe Encore "L'Amour Existe Encore" (meaning "Love Still Exists") is a song from CĂ©line Dion's album, called Dion Chante Plamondon. It was released as the second (radio only) single in Canada (October 14 1991) and third commercial single in France (January 17 1994).
L'AnnĂ©e Sociologique L'AnnĂ©e Sociologique was a sociology journal founded in 1898 by Ă‰mile Durkheim, who also served as its editor. It was published annually until 1925, and returned to publication as Annales Sociologiques between 1934 and 1942.
L'Anno 3000 L'Anno 3000 (The Year 3,000) is a book written by Italian writer and physician Paolo Mantegazza in 1897. It is a short romance which follows the typical utopian forecasting of life and society in the future, which was common at the end of the 19th century in the Western countries, so enthused with the fantastic and exceedingly rapid new conquests of science and technology brought about by the Industrial Revolution and new forms of energy, such as electricity, and the plethora of inventions such as the telegraph, the telephone, the electric light, the phonograph, steam, internal combustion and electric engines, etc.
L'Anse aux Meadows L'Anse aux Meadows (from the French L'Anse-aux-MĂ©duses or "Jellyfish Cove") is a site on the northernmost tip of the island of Newfoundland, in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, where the remains of a Viking village were discovered in 1960 by the Norwegian explorer Helge Ingstad and his archaeologist wife, Anne Stine Ingstad.
L'Anse Indian Reservation The L'Anse Indian Reservation is the land base of the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community of the Lake Superior Bands of Chippewa Indians (successor of the Lâ€™Anse and Ontonagon Bands). It is located primarily in two non-contiguous sections on either side of the Keweenaw Bay in Baraga County in the Upper Peninsula of the U.
L'Apocalypse des Animaux (album) L'Apocalypse des Animaux is a soundtrack album by Greek composer Vangelis which accompanied a documentary series about the animal kingdom, directed by FrĂ©dĂ©ric Rossif, and first broadcast on French TV in 1970.
L'Argent (1983 film) L'Argent (Money), inspired by the Leo Tolstoy short story The Forged Coupon, is the final film by French film director Robert Bresson. It earned its maker the Director's Prize at the 1983 Cannes Film Festival.
L'Arche L'Arche is an international network of faith-based communities creating homes and day programs with people who have developmental disabilities (or learning disabilities as they are known in the UK). L'Arche was founded in 1964 when Jean Vanier, the son of Canadian Governor General Georges Vanier and Pauline Vanier, welcomed two men with disabilities into his home in the town of Trosly-Breuil, France.
L'ArlĂ©sienne (film) L'ArlĂ©sienne has been the title of two notable film versions of Alphonse Daudet's play of the same name. The first was an early talking film made in 1930, and the second was made in 1942 starring the French actor Raimu and a young Louis Jourdan.
L'ArmĂ©e du Nord L'ArmĂ©e du Nord (Army Of The North) was the force commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte during the Waterloo Campaign in 1815. At its height, it numbered 130,000 strong and consisted of many veterans from previous campaigns.
L'ArrivĂ©e d'un Train en Gare de la Ciotat L'ArrivĂ©e d'un train en la Gare de la Ciotat (The Arrival of a Train at la Ciotat Station) is a very early motion picture produced and distributed by the LumiĂ¨re Brothers. Filmed in 1895, it was first shown to a paying audience in Paris, France on January 6, 1896.
L'AssemblĂ©e des six-comtĂ©s (painting) L'AssemblĂ©e des six-comtĂ©s (French for "The Assembly of the Six Counties"), also known as Manifestation des Canadiens contre le gouvernement anglais, Ă  Saint-Charles, en 1837 ("Demonstration of the Canadiens against the English government, at Saint-Charles, in 1837"), is a large oil painting executed on canvas by Ontarian artist Charles Alexander Smith in 1890.
L'Association des Bibliophiles Universels L'Association des Bibliophiles Universels (ABU; "The Association of Universal Booklovers") is a French language organization dedicated to producing e-text versions of public domain French texts. It was founded in April of 1993, and has members from Belgium, Canada, France, Portugal, Switzerland and the USA.
L'Assommoir L'Assommoir (1877) is the seventh novel in Emile Zola's twenty-volume series Les Rougon-Macquart. Usually considered one of Zola's masterpieces, the novel - a harsh and uncompromising study of alcoholism and poverty in the working-class districts of Paris - was a huge commercial success and established Zola's fame and reputation throughout France and the world.
L'Assomption (elm cultivar) The American Elm Ulmus americana cultivar L'Assomption is a slow-growing tree highly resistant to Dutch elm disease selected from seedlings grown from X-irradiated seed at the eponymous experimental station in Quebec before 1965.
L'Assomption River The Assomption River (in French RiviĂ¨re l'Assomption, named after the Assumption of Mary) is the most important waterway in the LanaudiĂ¨re region of Quebec, Canada, is over 200 km long, and has a drainage basin of 4220 kmÂ˛. Its source is the Mont Tremblant massif.
L'AtlĂ ntida L'AtlĂ ntida is an 1877 poem in Catalan by Jacint Verdaguer. It comprises an introduction, ten books, and a conclusion, dealing with the wanderings of Heracles in the Iberian Peninsula, the sinking of the continent of Atlantis, the creation of the Mediterranean Sea, and the discovery of the Americas.
L'Aubespine The L'Aubespine family was a French family descended from Claude de l'Aubespine, a lawyer of OrlĂ©ans and bailiff of the abbey of Saint Euverte in the beginning of the 16th century. His progeniture gained distinction in offices connected with the law.
L'Auditori L'Auditori is a modern building of 42,000 square metres designed by the architect Rafael Moneo, opened on 22nd March 1999. It is in the centre of the new pole of urban development of plaĂ§a de les GlĂ˛ries, which brings together the three widest and longest avenues in the city (Diagonal, Gran Via and Meridiana) near the old centre of the city, its â€Avenueâ€™, next to the National Theatre, GlĂ˛ries junction, the opening of the Diagonal on to the sea, district 22 and the Forum area.
L'Aurore L'Aurore (French for "The Dawn") was a literary and socialist newspaper published in Paris, France, from 1897 to 1914. Its most famous headline was Ă‰mile Zola's "J'Accuse", concerning the Dreyfus Affair.
L'ĂŽle de Tulipatan L'ĂŽle de Tulipatan (The Island of Tulipatan) is an operetta or opĂ©ra bouffe in one act by Jacques Offenbach to an original French libretto by Henri Chivot and Alfred Duru. First performance: ThĂ©Ă˘tre des Bouffes Parisiens, Paris, 1868.
L'ĂŽle-aux-Marins L'ĂŽle-aux-Marins (French: Island of the Sailors; called ĂŽle-aux-Chiens until 1931) is a small island in the Atlantic Ocean. It is located off the coast of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and was a commune of it until 1945, when it was annexed by the commune of Saint-Pierre.
L'ĂŽle-Bizardâ€“Sainte-GeneviĂ¨veâ€“Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue L'ĂŽle-Bizardâ€“Sainte-GeneviĂ¨veâ€“Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue is a former borough in the West Island area of Montreal, Quebec. The borough was composed of the former municipalities of L'ĂŽle-Bizard, Sainte-GeneviĂ¨ve, and Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue.
L'ĂŽle-des-Pins L'ĂŽle-des-Pins is a commune in the South Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. L'ĂŽle-des-Pins is made up of the Isle of Pines, the smaller KĂ´tomo Island, and several islets around these two.
L'ĂŽle-Perrot, Quebec Town of ĂŽle-Perrot (French/Official Name: Ville de l'ĂŽle-Perrot) is one of four towns on ĂŽle Perrot in southwestern Quebec, Canada in the Regional County Municipality of Vaudreuil-Soulanges. The town is at the western end of Lake Saint-Louis, and is opposite the community of Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue on Montreal Island.
L'Ă‚me Immortelle L'Ă‚me Immortelle (French: the immortal soul) is an Austrian band that produces electrogoth music. Many of L'Ă‚me Immortelle's songs feature club-friendly danceable beats, melancholy or lovelorn lyrics in German or English, and juxtaposed harsh male and emotional female vocals.
L'Ă©cume de l'aube L'Ă©cume de l'aube (The Foam of the Dawn) is a novel written by Roger Leloup published in 1991 at Casterman, which relates the childhood and youth of Yoko Tsuno, main character of the Yoko Tsuno comic book series.
L'Ă©cume des jours (opera) L'Ă©cume des jours (English: The Foam of Days) is an opera in three acts (14 scenes) by the Russian composer Edison Denisov. The French (also German and Russian) text is by the composer based on the novel of the same title by Boris Vian.
L'Ă©minence grise An Ă©minence grise (French for "grey eminence") is a powerful advisor or decision-maker who operates secretly or unofficially. This phrase originally referred to FranĂ§ois Leclerc du Tremblay the right-hand man of Cardinal Richelieu the Red Eminence.
L'Ă‰clipse L'Ă‰clipse was a French newspaper of the nineteenth century, appearing from 1868 to 1876. Edited by Francis Polo, L'Ă‰clipse was a showcase for the illustrator AndrĂ© Gill, in which he drew caricatures of his illustrious contemporaries.
L'Ă‰cole Internationale de ThĂ©Ă˘tre Jacques Lecoq L'Ă‰cole Internationale de ThĂ©Ă˘tre Jacques Lecoq is an international school of theatre situated in the 10th arrondissement of Paris. Founded in 1956 by Jacques Lecoq, the school is a professional two-year course.
L'Ă‰chappĂ©e belle L'Ă‰chappĂ©e belle, an album by Autour de Lucie, was released in 1994 on the Nettwerk label. It was re-released by Nettwerk and Le Village Vert under the title Autour De Lucie with a bonus track, "Simon".
L'Ă‰tape du Tour L'Ă‰tape du Tour (French for 'stage of the Tour') is an organised mass participation cyclosportive event that allows amateur cyclists to race over the same route as a Tour de France stage. First held in 1993, and now organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation, ASO (in conjunction with VĂ©lo Magazine), it takes place each July, normally on a Tour rest day.
L'elisir d'amore L'elisir d'amore (The Elixir of Love) is a melodramma giocoso, a genre of Italian comic opera, in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Felice Romani wrote the Italian libretto after EugĂ¨ne Scribe's libretto for Daniel-FranĂ§ois-Esprit Auber's Le philtre (1831).
L'enfant et les sortilĂ¨ges L'enfant et les sortilĂ¨ges: Fantaisie lyrique en deux parties (The Child and the Spells: A Lyric Fantasy in Two Parts) is an opera by Maurice Ravel with a libretto by Colette. It is the second Ravel opera, the first being L'heure espagnole.
L'enfant terrible L'Enfant terrible (Terrible child) is a French term for a child who is terrifyingly candid by saying embarrassing things to adults, especially parents. The Webster's Dictionary also defines a L'Enfant terrible as a usually successful person who is strikingly unorthodox, innovative, or avant-garde.
L'esprit de l'escalier L'esprit de l'escalier (literally, staircase wit) is a French term that describes the predicament of thinking of the right [too late. Originally a witticism of Diderot], the French [[encyclopedist, in his Paradoxe sur le ComĂ©dien:
L'esule di Granata L'esule di Granata (The exile of Granada) is a melodramma (opera seria) in two acts by Giacomo Meyerbeer. The Italian libretto was by Felice Romani based on the rivalries between Zegridi and Abenceraggi in the last days of the kingdom of Granada.
L'esule di Roma L'esule di Roma, ossia Il proscritto (The Exile from Rome, or the Proscribed Man) is a melodramma eroico, or heroic opera, in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Domenico Gilardoni wrote the Italian libretto after Luigi Marchionni's Il proscritto romano, in its turn based on Louis Charles Caigniez and DebotiĂ¨re's AndroclĂ¨s ou Le lion reconnaissant.
L'Empire des futures stars L'Empire des futures stars was an annual contest for new musical bands in the Canadian province of Quebec, sponsored by CKOI-FM in Montreal. Many musical artists used the contest as an effective springboard for their careers.
L'Emploi du temps L'Emploi du temps (international title Time Out) is a 2001 French drama directed by Laurent Cantet, starring AurĂ©lien Recoing and Karin Viard. It focuses on one of Cantet's favorite subject matter: man's relationship with his job.
L'Enfant prodigue L'Enfant prodigue (France, 1907) (The Prodigal Son) was the first feature-length motion picture produced in Europe, running 90 minutes. Directed by Michel CarrĂ©, fils from his own three-act stage pantomime, the film was basically an unmodified record, filmed at Gaumont studio in May 1907.
L'Enfant Plaza L'Enfant Plaza is a complex of eight commercial and governmental buildings, as well as an underground shopping mall and Metro station, built along a traffic-and-pedestrian promenade in Southwest Washington, D.C..
L'Enfer L'Enfer (French: Hell) is a French film, released in 2005 and directed by Danis TanoviÄ‡. It is based on a script originally drafted by Krzysztof KieĹ›lowski and Krzysztof Piesiewicz, which was meant to be the second film in a trilogy with the titles Heaven, Hell and Purgatory.
L'Enjoleur L'Enjoleur (1972 - January 26, 2000) was a Canadian Thoroughbred race horse. Bred and owned by Jean-Louis LĂ©vesque, L'Enjoleur was sired by Buckpasser, a son of Tom Fool, and out of the racing mare Fanfreluche, a daughter of Northern Dancer.
L'Entre-Deux L'Entre-Deux (French for The Between-Two) is a commune on the French island and depratment of RĂ©union. The commune gets its name from the fact that it is situated between the two main tributaries of the Saint-Ă‰tienne River: the Bras de Cilaos to the west and the Bras de la Plaine to the east.
L'Escala L'Escala is a municipality in the comarca of the Alt EmpordĂ  in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the Costa Brava, at the southern end of the Gulf of Roses, and is an important fishing port and tourist centre, and has a festival dedicated to its famous anchovies.
L'Escalade L'Escalade, or FĂŞte de l'Escalade (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual festival held in December in Geneva, Switzerland, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy during the night of 11â€“12 December 1602.
L'Esprit frappeur L'Esprit frappeur (French for "ghost" or "poltergeist"), is a French publishing house, specialized in low-cost books. Before the change to euros, it used to sell its books for 10 or 20 Francs; they now cost between 2,5 euros and 5 euros.
L'Estrange v Graucob L'Estrange v Graucob is the leading English case on the incorporation of terms into a contract by signature. There are exceptions to the rule that a person is bound by his or her signature, including but not limited to fraud, misrepresentation and non est factum.
L'Etincelle Dale Clio Goldsmith is a married, expectant mother who holds down a job as a radio announcer and when a Frenchman, Maurice Roger Hanin, telephones the station one day to correct a mistake she made in reference to the cinema, the two eventually end up agreeing to meet. Dale is part-French and this is one of the reasons for their first rendezvous.
L'heure espagnole L'heure espagnole (The Spanish Hour) is an operatic one act comĂ©die musicale by Maurice Ravel to a French libretto by Franc Nohain, based on his comedy. The opera was first performed at OpĂ©ra Comique, Paris, 1911.
L'histoire de Manon L'histoire de Manon is a ballet comprising the music of Jules Massenet, arranged and partially orchestrated by British composer Leighton Lucas. The piece was first presented by London's Royal Ballet in 1974 with choreography by Sir Kenneth MacMillan.
L'huomo di lettere L'huomo di lettere difeso ed emendato by the Ferrarese Jesuit Daniello Bartoli (Rome, 1645) is a two-part treatise on the man of letters, first defending his high status and then emending his faults, taking particular aim at excesses of the precious baroque style then in vogue. Bartoli's literary "how to" book quickly became a best-seller in Italy and in translation in numerous Latin, French, Spanish, and German editions.
L'HĂ´pital's rule In calculus, l'HĂ´pital's rule (alternatively l'Hospital's rule) uses derivatives to help compute limits with indeterminate forms. Application (or repeated application) of the rule often converts an indeterminate form to a determinate form, allowing easy computation of the limit.
L'Histoire L'Histoire is a monthly mainstream French magazine dedicated to historical studies, recognized by peers as the most important historical popular magazine (as opposed to specifics university journals or less scientific popular historical magazines).
L'Homme qui aimait les femmes L'Homme qui aimait les femmes (The Man Who Loved Women) is a 1977 French comedy/drama film directed by FranĂ§ois Truffaut and starring Charles Denner, Brigitte Fossey and Nelly Borgeaud. It was remade in 1983 as the Hollywood movie The Man Who Loved Women.
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat L'Hospitalet de Llobregat or L'Hospitalet is a city to the immediate south west of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, and the second largest in Catalonia by population. L'Hospitalet de Llobregat is notable for being one of the most densely populated cities not just in Spain but also in the European Union.
L'HumanitĂ© L'HumanitĂ© ("Humanity"), formerly the daily newspaper of the French Communist Party (PCF), was founded in 1904 by Jean JaurĂ¨s, a leader of the SFIO socialist party. The paper is now independent, but still maintains broad links with the PCF.
L'chayim L'chayim ( , literally, "to life") is wished to each other when participating in someones Simcha and is meant as a blessing that just as we are wishing each other Nachess (gladness of the heart) now; it should be to life, to be alive in the future and participate in many more simchoth. It is similarly also used as a Hebrew toast and an expression of goodwill.
L'Chayim L'Chayim is the longest continuously running talk show in the Jewish community and is currently seen nationally every Sunday on National Jewish Television at 3:00 PM. It is produced by the independent non-profit organization, Jewish Education in Media, Inc.
L'important c'est d'aimer L'important c'est d'aimer was the breakthrough movie in France for Polish filmmaker Andrzej Ĺ»uĹ‚awski. It tells the story of a passionate love story between Nadine Chevalier, a B-List actress (Schneider) and Servais Mont, a photographer (Testi) in the violent and unforgiving French show biz.
L'incantesimo L'incantesimo is a short opera in one act by Italian composer Italo Montemezzi. Its libretto was written by playwright Sem Benelli who had previously collaborated with the composer on his most famous opera, L'amore dei tre re.
L'incoronazione di Poppea L'incoronazione di Poppea (The Coronation of Poppea) is an opera seria in three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello, based on historical incidents described in the Annals of Tacitus. First performance: Teatro Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice, 1642.
L'influence d'un livre L'influence d'un livre (1837) is a novel by the Canadian writer Phillipe-Ignace FranĂ§ois Aubert du GaspĂ©. It is considered to be the first French Canadian novel, and although the book was not well received initially, it has come to be recognized as a major landmark in Canadian literature.
L'italiana in Algeri L'italiana in Algeri (The Italian Girl in Algiers) is a comic opera in two acts by Gioacchino Rossini to an Italian libretto by Angelo Anelli, based on his earlier text set by Luigi Mosca. First performance: Teatro San Benedetto, Venice on May 22, 1813.
L'Imitation de Notre-Dame la Lune L'Imitation de Notre-Dame la Lune (The Imitation of Our Lady the Moon) (1885) is a collection of poems by French poet Jules Laforgue. It is dedicated to Gustave Kahn and "to the memory of little SalammbĂ´, priestess of Tanit.
L'Inflexible (S 615) L'Inflexible S616 is the 6th and last of the Redoutable class SNLE ("Sous-marin NuclĂ©aire Lanceur d'Engins", "Nuclear Missile-Launching Submarine") of the FOST, the submarine nuclear deterrent component of the French Navy.
L'Innovation Department Store Fire The L'Innovation Department Store Fire took place on May 22, 1967 in Brussels, Belgium, and killed 322 people, many of them women and children. The tragedy was a source of Cold War controversy since it came during a period that included anti-American protests from communist supporters.
L'International des Feux Loto-QuĂ©bec Lâ€™International des Feux Loto-QuĂ©bec, also known as the Montreal Fireworks Festival, is the most important international fireworks competition. (It was formerly known as Le Mondial SAQ, and l'International Benson & Hedges prior to that.
L'Invitation au ChĂ˘teau L'Invitation au ChĂ˘teau (Invitation to a Castle), also known as Ring Round the Moon, is a 1947 satirical play by the French playwright Jean Anouilh. The play concerns two twins, a cold, manipulative playboy Orace, and his sensitive brother Fredric.
L'Isle Joyeuse L'Isle Joyeuse is an extended solo piano piece by Claude Debussy composed in 1904. According to Jim Samson (1977), the "central relationship in the work is that between material based on the whole-tone scale, the lydian mode and the diatonic scale, the lydian mode functioning as an effective mediator between the other two.
L'Isle-aux-Coudres, Quebec L'Isle-aux-Coudres (with "Isle" spelt in the old French fashion) is a municipality in Quebec, part of the Charlevoix MRC in the Charlevoix area of the Capitale-Nationale region. It is located on ĂŽle aux Coudres.
L'Ĺ’uvre L'Ĺ’uvre ("The Masterpiece") was an 1886 novel by Ă‰mile Zola (part of his twenty-volume series Les Rougon-Macquart) that was a lightly fictionalized account of his childhood friendship with the painter Paul CĂ©zanne, as the fictional painter "Claude Lantier" who fails in his life's work to create a work of art that would survive the ages. Despite great talent, Lantier is unable to create his masterpiece; Zola describes the failure as the result of Lantier's overambitious goal, as well as a hereditary "lesion of the eye" that plagues him.
L'ombre du Z L'ombre du Z, written and drawn by Franquin, is the sixteenth album of the Spirou et FantasioÂ series, and the second part of Franquin's Zorglub diptych. The story appeared sequentially in Le Journal de Spirou, before being released as a hardcover album in 1962.
L'Occitane L'Occitane (in full L'Occitane en Provence) (phonetically pronounced lock-sit-tan) is a French retailer of body, face and home products with boutiques located all around the world. L'Occitane has various collections which are based on fragrances derived from botanicals grown in the tradition of Provence, some but not all of which are organically grown.
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